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关于公布2019年烟台市中医医院公开招聘 第二批体检人员名单的通知

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肿瘤预防指导 Guidance on Cancer Prevention

肿瘤科特色 Oncology Feature

肿瘤预防指导 Guidance on Cancer Prevention

How does Chinese medicine prevent tumor occurrence, recurrence and metastasis?
 
1.which people are easy to get tumors?
        (1)The general characteristics of the population prone to tumor:
        The occurrence of cancer is caused by a combination of factors. People who are prone to cancer tend to have the following characteristics:
        1) The relatives have a history of cancer. The study found that the tumors had familial aggregation and genetic susceptibility. Those with family history of cancer had higher probability of cancer than the general population.
        2) People with bad habits. Long term smoking, long-term drinkers, or unreasonable diet structure, partial food habits.
        3) People who have been exposed to carcinogens for a long time. For example, radiation workers, chemical workers, long-term exposure to asbestos, benzene, aniline, coal tar and other personnel.
        4) Patients with chronic chronic diseases. Such as chronic hepatitis, chronic atrophic gastritis, cirrhosis, HPV virus infection, chronic pancreatitis, gastric ulcer, intestinal polyps, chronic pulmonary fibrosis and other patients.
        5) Middle aged and elderly people over 45 years of age. Although tumors can occur at any age, their risk increases with age.
        (2)The physical characteristics of the population prone to tumor:
        People's physique has a great relationship with the occurrence of tumor. Among them, the 6 kinds of people who have Qi deficiency, Yang deficiency, yin deficiency, qi stagnation, phlegm and blood stasis are prone to cancer. For example, people who qi deficiency are prone to sweating and short of Qi, common in excessive tired people and easy to get lung cancer; Yang deficiency people are afraid of cold. Stool sugar is rare and common in people with excessive fatigue or cold and cold. The proportion of human cancer in this part is very high, especially for people who are cold and cold. People with Yin deficiency are mostly thin, their urinals are yellow, the heart and foot floor are hot, often dry and dry, and the risk of lung cancer is larger; Qi - depressed people are more likely. Often vulnerable, sensitive and suspicious, the risk of a long term tumor is greater; phlegm wet people, can be recognized from the body, because not only taboo, but also heavy taste, and stay up this great enemy, the risk of cancer increases; blood stasis people, it is easy to appear blood stasis, skin is very dull, Lip color is dark, it is easy to appear dark circles, tongue quality is also more green, such people are very likely to suffer from liver disease.
        (3)High risk population of common tumors:
        1)Lung Cancer
        Lung cancer is the first cause of death in China malignant tumor, nationally, every four to five people died in one died of malignant tumor, and malignant tumor in the population every three to four deaths in one died of lung cancer. The high risk population of lung cancer is characterized by the following characteristics:
        "Three 20" crowd, more than 20 people smoking every day that people, smoking more than 20 years under the age of 20, people started smoking, lung cancer in high risk population.
        High risk occupation population, such as the occupation of serious environmental pollution, miners, long-term exposure to carcinogens (such as arsenic, asbestos, chromium, nickel, coal tar, two chloromethyl ether, chloromethyl ether and vinyl chloride) people etc..
        There is a family history of lung cancer, such as immediate family members. One parent has lung cancer and the risk of children will increase.
        People with lung diseases: past lung diseases such as tuberculosis. These people should pay attention to the screening of lung cancer.
        2) Breast Cancer
        Breast cancer is the highest incidence of malignancy in women in China. The high-risk population of breast cancer has the following characteristics:
        There is a family history of breast cancer. If more than one person in the immediate family is suffering from breast cancer, then I will be more likely to develop breast cancer;
        Women who were older than 30 years of age and those who had never been pregnant for the first time;
        Excessive intake of animal fat and postmenopausal women who are overweight;
        Women suffering from certain chronic breast diseases, such as atypical hyperplasia of ductal epithelium and papilloma.
        The age of menarche is before the age of 12, or the menopausal age is 55 years old;
        Women who use estrogen for a long time to control menopausal symptoms have a moderate increase in risk of breast cancer.
        The chance of breast cancer in the opposite side is 5-7 times higher than that in the normal breast.
        3)Gastric Cancer
        Gastric cancer is the third most common malignant tumor, the mortality and morbidity of more than the average level of the world, and more than two times, the age of onset is gradually reduced, gastric cancer is approaching young people. People at high risk of gastric cancer has the following main features:
        People with precancerous lesions, such as chronic atrophic gastritis, chronic gastric ulcer, gastric polyps, partial gastric resection, etc.
        Bad eating habits of people, eating carcinogenic substances of high nitrite content in pickling, smoking, dry seafood and vegetables overnight; eating barbecue, often eating moldy food, eat less fresh vegetables.
        People who have been drinking and smoking for a long time;
        People with a family history of gastric cancer or esophageal cancer;
        Living in areas where geological and water sources contain harmful substances.
        Infection of Helicobacter pylori (Hp).
        4)Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. The number of patients in China accounts for about 55% of the world's total, and only second in cancer related deaths. The high risk population of gastric cancer is characterized by the following characteristics:
        Family history of liver cancer;
        With chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or history of active cirrhosis.
        Those with positive hepatitis B surface antigen, especially those with high viral load; those who did not review for a long time;
        There was a long history of drinking;
        AFP low concentration and persistent positive。
 
2.How does traditional Chinese medicine prevent the occurrence of cancer?
        Tumor is a heterologous organism that is not differentiated by local immune cells in the region after the whole or local environment changes. According to the characteristics of cancer, targeted TCM intervention can greatly reduce the incidence of cancer.
        1)Overall treatment
        The occurrence of cancer is caused by a comprehensive factor, which has a great relationship with human physique, and its constitution is congenital, individual and tunable. We have formulated individualized interventions for high-risk groups, and prevented the occurrence of tumors through internal and external prevention of overall treatment.
        Using the green, non-toxic and natural traditional Chinese medicine to adjust the different physical defects, and give the systematic health guidance of diet, living and other aspects, so as to achieve "balanced diet, combination of work and rest, regular exercise, active exercise, physical and mental relaxation", by improving the physical defects of 6 kinds of common Chinese medicine, to make the body healthy direction Optimize the development.
        In view of the external factors such as environmental pollution, the methods of anti haze mask and lung and anti toxic tea drink were developed to reduce the harm of external adverse factors to human body.
        According to the "four seasons spring wind blast, summer heat, dry autumn and winter cold characteristics", were developed, the Four Seasons Health cream medicated, "fill the gap, the more damage, follow the nature and disease prevention.
        2)Local treatment
        Every part of the organs and every viscera has a specific cause of tumorigenesis, and the accumulation of phlegm, the inability of blood and the blockage of meridians and collaterals are the causes of the accumulation and canceration of the pathological products. We use acupuncture, moxibustion, massage and external application of traditional Chinese medicine to stimulate local Qi and blood and dredge the meridians, so as to improve the local "immunity". Function "dispel stasis and toxin, repair injury, and restore the local healthy qi to the greatest extent, so that" good Qi can be stored and evil must not be dried ".
        3)Anticancer therapy
        Through long-term clinical validation, we have explored a complete set of oral anti-tumor Chinese medicine and Chinese traditional Chinese medicine for the individualized anticancer scheme. By eliminating the remaining tumor cells after treatment or inhibiting the further development of the tumor cells that have not been found, we can prevent the recurrence and metastasis of the tumor and have a good effect.
 
 
中医是如何预防肿瘤的发生和复发转移的?
 
一、 哪些人容易得肿瘤?
        1、 易患肿瘤人群的一般特点:
        癌症的发生是综合因素引起的,容易得肿瘤的人一般会有如下特点:
        1) 亲属有肿瘤病史者。 研究发现肿瘤有家族聚集性和遗传易感性,具有肿瘤家族史者比一般人群患癌概率要高一些。
        2) 具有不良生活习惯者。长期吸烟、长期饮酒者,或饮食结构不合理,有偏食习惯者。
        3) 长期接触致癌物质者。比如放射线工作人员、化工厂职工、长期接触石棉、苯类、苯胺类、煤焦油等人员。
        4) 长期慢性疾病患者。如慢性肝炎,慢性萎缩性胃炎,肝硬化,HPV病毒感染者,慢性胰腺炎,胃溃疡,肠息肉,慢性肺纤维化等患者。
        5) 45岁以上中老年人。肿瘤虽然会发生在任何年龄段,但其发病风险随年龄增加而增大。
        2、 易患肿瘤人群的体质特点:
        人的体质与肿瘤的发生与有很大关系,其中气虚质、阳虚质、阴虚质、气郁质、痰湿质、血瘀质这6种体质的人易患肿瘤,比如说到气虚质的人,平时容易出汗,气虚短,常见于过度劳累的人群,容易得肺癌;阳虚质的人,怕冷,大便糖稀,常见于过度疲劳或受寒凉的人,这部分人的患癌比例非常高,尤其是贪寒凉的人特别容易得胃癌;阴虚质的人,体型多半偏瘦,小便偏黄,手心和脚底板都偏热,常常口干舌燥,患肺癌几率比较大;气郁质的人,往往容易脆弱,敏感多疑,长期下来患肿瘤的几率比较大;痰湿质的人,心宽体胖,从体型上就能一眼认出,因为从不忌口,还偏偏口味重,外加熬夜这个大敌,患肿瘤的几率上升;血瘀质的人,很容易出现血淤,皮肤晦滞,唇色偏暗,很容易出现黑眼圈,舌质也比较偏青,这类人患肝病的几率就很大。
        3、 常见肿瘤的高危人群:
        1) 肺癌
        肺癌是我国首位恶性肿瘤死亡原因,就全国而言,每四到五个死亡的人群中就有一个是死于恶性肿瘤,而在恶性肿瘤里每三到四个死亡人群中就有一个是死于肺癌。肺癌的高危人群主要有如下特点:
        a) “三个20”人群,即吸烟20年以上的人群、20岁以下就开始吸烟的人群、每天吸烟20支以上的人群,是肺癌的高危人群。
        b) 高危职业人群,如职业环境污染严重的人、矿工、长期接触致癌物(如无机砷、石棉、铬、镍、煤焦油、二氯甲醚、氯甲醚、氯化乙烯等)的人等。
        c) 有肺癌家族史,比如家里直系亲属,父母有一方得过肺癌,子女发病的风险就会增高。
        d) 有肺部疾病者:既往患肺结核等肺部疾病,这些人要重视肺癌的筛查。
       2) 乳腺癌
        乳腺癌是我国女性发病率最高的恶性肿瘤,乳腺癌的高危人群主要有如下特点:
        a) 有乳腺癌家族史,若直系亲属中有一人以上患乳腺癌,那么本人患乳腺癌的可能性较大;
        b) 第一次妊娠年龄大于30岁的妇女,及从未生育过的妇女;
        c) 进食过多的动物脂肪,绝经后体重超重的妇女;
        d) 患某些慢性乳腺疾病(如导管上皮不典型增生、乳头状瘤病等)的妇女;
        e) 月经初潮年龄在12岁之前,或停经在55岁之后的妇女;
        f) 长期应用雌激素以控制更年期症状的妇女,乳腺癌发生的危险性中度增加;
        g) 一侧乳腺癌患者,对侧乳房生癌的机会也比正常人高5-7倍。
       3) 胃癌
        胃癌是我国第三大常见肿瘤,患病率和死亡率超过世界平均水平,并且超出两倍之多,发病年龄也逐渐降低,胃癌正在逼近年轻人。胃癌的高危人群主要有如下特点:
        a) 患有癌前病变的人群:如慢性萎缩性胃炎,慢性胃溃疡,胃息肉,胃部分切除者等; 
        b) 饮食习惯不良的人群,喜食致癌物质亚硝酸盐含量高的腌制、熏制、干海货和隔夜菜;喜食烧烤、常食用霉变食物、少食新鲜蔬菜等。
        c) 长期酗酒及吸烟的人群;
        d) 有胃癌或食管癌家族史的人群;
        e) 居住在地质、水源含有害物质的地区;
        f) 幽门螺旋杆菌(Hp)的感染。
       4) 肝癌
        肝癌是我国最常见的恶性肿瘤之一,我国发病人数约占全球的55%;在肿瘤相关死亡中仅次于肺癌,位居第二。胃癌的高危人群主要有如下特点:
        a) 有肝癌家族史; 
        b) 有慢性乙型肝炎、丙型肝炎或活动性肝硬化病史者;
        c) 乙型肝炎表面抗原阳性者,尤其病毒载量较高者;长期不复查者。
        d) 有长期大量饮酒史者;
        e) AFP低浓度持续阳性者。
 
二、 中医是如何预防肿瘤的发生的?
        肿瘤是在整体或局部内环境改变后,区域内自体细胞变异、增殖形成的不受局部免疫细胞识别抑制的异生物。针对肿瘤的发病特点,采取针对性的中医药干预,就可以大大减少肿瘤的发病机会。
        1、 整体治疗
        癌症的发生是综合因素引起的,其中与人的体质有很大关系,而体质具有先天性、个体性和可调性。我们为高危人群制定了个体化的干预措施, 并通过内调外防整体治疗,预防肿瘤的发生。
        a) 运用绿色、无毒、纯天然的中药对不同体质缺陷加以调理,并给予饮食、起居等方面系统化的健康指导,做到“膳食均衡、劳逸结合、规律作息、积极锻炼、身心放松”,通过改善6种常见中医体质缺陷,使人体体质向健康方向优化发展。
        b) 针对环境污染等外部因素,研制了中医防霾口罩、理肺驱毒茶饮等方法,减少外界不利因素对人体的伤害。
        c) 根据四季“春季风瘟,夏季湿热,秋季干燥、冬季寒冽”的特点,分别研制了四季养生膏方、药膳,“补其不足、损其有余”,顺应自然,未病先防。
       2、 局部治疗
        每个部位、每个脏腑发生肿瘤都有特定的致瘤诱因,而痰浊积聚、血液不通、经络阻滞是导致病理产物聚积癌变的根源,我们运用针刺、艾灸、推拿及中药外敷等局部治疗方法,激发局部气血,疏通经络,从而提高局部“免疫功能”, 祛除瘀毒、修复损伤,最大程度恢复局部正气,使“正气存内,邪不可干”。
       3、 抗癌治疗
        通过长期的临床验证,我们探索出一整套口服抗肿瘤的中药及中成药的个体化抗癌方案,通过消灭治疗后残存的肿瘤细胞或者抑制未能被发现的肿瘤细胞进一步发展,以此预防肿瘤的复发和转移,效果良好。
 

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